Ian’s acupuncture training includes: BSc from Westminster University; studying with a private practitioner in Japan, Ikeda Yuji; clinical training in Shu Guan Hospital and the Meridian Research Institute in Shanghai; a year at the Jiangsu Provincial Hospital of TCM, Nanjing. He has worked as a private practitioner in Hove and Kendal. He was course director for Acupuncture at London South Bank University from 2008-2018. His PhD, Acupuncture and moxibustion for osteoarthritis of the knee: a component analysis approach, was completed in 2018. Ian is now the Research & Policy Manager for the British Acupuncture Council. He has a particular interest in the methodological challenges of researching acupuncture and placebo.